Every new building, house, or other structure just doesn’t appear. Instead, there is a process that needs to be fulfilled as each construction project goes from a glimmer of a thought to the finalized product. This process is not short, although some do take less time than others.
Here are the 6 stages of a construction project:
- The Conception of the Project
Construction workers usually do not have much input during this stage, as it is the owner or business who begins with the conception of the project. This is where the dreaming begins as well as the searching for the proper job site. The conception stage can take anywhere from a few days to a few months or more, depending on how much of a rush the business is in.
- The Design Stage
Once the project is closer to fruition, it is time to sit down and talk design. This is still a preliminary stage, which means that nothing is guaranteed at this point. The team that is in charge of the design will need to make sure that each of the state regulations and codes is met during this time.
There are normally four different steps within the design stage and they include programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract documents. During the programming and feasibility step, each of the objectives and goals of the project is needed to be outlined. Numerous decisions are made at this time including how large the building will be, how space will be used, and how many rooms will be needed.
The schematic design is a sketch that will show the space as well as materials, colors, and even textures. That sketch will be used during the design development to research the equipment needed, along with the cost for them and the materials being used.
Once the contract documents are drawn up, everything is close to being finalized, because they contain the final drawings and specifications. These documents are used in the construction field by those placing bids to work on the project.
- The Pre-Construction Stage
This stage begins when the contractor has been chosen to do the work. The contract administrator, project manager, superintendent, and field engineer are chosen and a site examination is completed. The most important part of this step is taking soil samples for testing, as those results will show whether the condition of it is good or bad. Any issues with the soil and the site are found and solved during this time.
- The Procurement Stage
The procurement stage is when the project really gets going because the equipment and materials are ordered and delivered. This is when the laborers are hired as well so that everything is ready for the project start date. All this work is usually performed by the general contractor, however, there are times when subcontractors will be in charge of certain parts. The subcontractors may be responsible for hiring their own workers or obtaining their own materials so that they know that they have exactly what they need to complete their portion of the job.
- The Construction Stage
This stage begins with a pre-construction meeting to ensure that everyone is on the same page when the construction starts. This meeting normally includes information about how to access the job site, the quality control of the project, how and where to store all the materials, and the hours that everyone will be working.
Each worker may be given their own schedule, and not everyone should plan on working at the same time. This is especially true for subcontractors who need certain parts of the job completed before they can begin their portion.
Once the meeting is over and there are no lingering questions, the very first step of the project can begin. The goal at this point is to have planned everything so carefully that everything goes off without a hitch. Of course, that rarely happens, as something always goes wrong during a construction project.
- The Post Construction Stage
Once all the work on the job site has been completed, the project will soon come to a close. However, there are still a few steps that need to be done before the keys to the building can be handed over and the doors opened for good.
First, an inspection of the whole building needs to be done. Most of the time, these inspections are fairly simple to pass, because other inspections should have been completed during the entire project. It is during those previous inspections that issues should have been found and corrected.
Once the inspections are completed, the paperwork needs a few last signatures, documentation needs to be finalized, and the final payment to the contractor needs to be made.
There are many stages needed for construction projects, which is why it can seem like they take forever to complete by those, not in the field. However, to the construction workers themselves, these projects move quickly, as the workers often make split-second decisions at times to keep everything on track.