Infrastructure is what keeps everything and everyone moving and living everywhere in the world, because without these no one would be able to do anything. After all, it is this infrastructure that allows electricity and water to flow to homes and businesses and gives people ways to travel via car or another vehicle.
Here are the 8 types of infrastructure on construction projects:
- Highways, Roads, and Streets
This is probably one of the most common infrastructure projects within the construction industry, because without them, people would not be able to travel anywhere. Most of the time, this infrastructure is in needs of repairs, but resurfacing and reconstruction is also necessary over time. Expansion projects are also common for this type of infrastructure, especially in areas that are becoming more congested over time.
Currently, many highway bridges are considered as being deficient and in need of some repairs, although they are not deemed as being unsafe for traffic. This type of infrastructure work can take quite some time to do, as it needs to be completed around flowing traffic. Plus, the work needs to be carefully planned, as most of the work is completed over water, which is not as easy as working on land.
- Mass Transit and Airports
Airports and mass transit systems are becoming the most sought-after construction infrastructure at the moment, as many of these systems are in dire need of repairs or expansion. The focus for many of these is laying utilities or reconfiguring the utilities that are already in place, although a few airports are also looking at expanding their current runways to meet the demands of travelers.
- Water Supply and Resources
Water is a necessary component in life and without it, no one could survive. Therefore, this type of infrastructure in the construction industry is in demand. Most of these projects include updating the current water distribution services, while also finding ways to improve the drought resistance. It is important that those who are working on these types of infrastructures to understand how important their job is especially when it comes to preventing leaks and finding ways to transport water effectively and efficiently.
- Waste Management
Waste management is another important infrastructure construction project, as it protects everyone from having dangerous waste laying all over the place. This also includes water waste management, so that it doesn’t affect the clean water of the rivers, streams, lakes, and oceans. Everyone who works on the facilities where all this waste is transported needs to ensure that these areas are constructed properly and then maintained properly afterwards. Any waste area that does not follow these guidelines cannot guarantee that the trash, recycling, or waste water is being removed and stored in a way that will prevent the spread of diseases.
Read also: Types of buildings in construction
- Power Generation and the Transmission of Power
Everyone depends on electricity, but without the proper power generation and transmission of power infrastructure, no one will have any. Those who work in this field in the construction industry will be responsible for building these power generation plants, as well as ensuring that they are well maintained, so that the power can be stored and transmitted properly.
In this telecommunications era, it is important for the infrastructure to be completed in a timely manner. This is probably one of the fastest paced construction projects, as many areas are still limited as to how much access they have to telecommunication systems. Even those areas who have multiple telecommunication systems in place often need more, as the ones that they currently have are quite congested. Anyone who works in this field will need to understand how quickly everything changes and how these infrastructures need to be continuously updated to keep up with demand.
- Hazardous Waste and Removal
Hazardous waste is quite different than the waste category above, as it pertains to harmful and hazardous materials that include nuclear waste. These types of materials are quite dangerous, which means that they need to be removed, transported, and stored carefully. This is a difficult infrastructure project because the work needs to be completed properly to avoid a catastrophe in the future. No small detail can be left out and safety measures need to be used from the inception of the project all the way through the routine maintenance years later.
These eight infrastructures are what is seen for construction projects and many people do not realize that they all fall within that field. It is important for everyone to realize that construction is more than just constructing buildings though, and these infrastructures are excellent ways for those in the field to show how expansive their knowledge really is.